Visual Representation SummaryThe first Pentecostals in the modern sense appeared on the scene in 1901 in the city of Topeka, Kansas. This first Pentecostal church held a Bible school conducted by Charles Fox Parham, a holiness teacher and former Methodist pastor. The first person to be baptized in the Holy Spirit accompanied by speaking in tongues was Agnes Ozman, one of Parham's Bible School students, who spoke in tongues on the very first day of the new century January 1, 1901.
In 1906 Pentecostalism achieved worldwide attention through the Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles led by the African-American preacher William J. Seymour. Seymour opened the historic meeting in April, 1906 in a former African Methodist Episcopal church building under the name of the Apostolic Faith mission, which would conduct three services a day and seven days a week. At the Azusa Street Revival, thousands were baptized in the Spirit with the evidence of speaking in tongues and experience numerous other Holy Spirit manifestations.
From Azusa Street, Pentecostalism spread rapidly around the world and began its advance toward becoming a major force in Christendom. The movement was also noted for its integration of both White and African-American Christian traditions (Vinson, 1996)Pentecostal rituals are similar to the conservative Methodist and Baptist churches. The differences lie in the Pentecostalists' doctrine of perfectionalism. (Philter, 2006) Each denomination of Pentecostal churches has specific doctrines and disciplines governing the interpretation of the meaning of salvation, sanctification, and spirit baptism. The Bible is highly respected in these churches. In some cases, there are special ritual procedures for transporting and handling the Bible in which the sermon is preached (Sanders, 2003).
Pentecostals basically have eight rituals that make up their worship. The rituals are (1) call to worship; (2) songs and hymns; (3) prayer; (4)...