A normal learning process is un-inhibited, with all necessities covered. This would mean that the child has the ideal environment to learn and grow.
The bottom two levels of Maslow's Hierarchy of needs are Safety and Physiology. These two areas are the base, the building blocks of a creating and maintaining a successful environment for a child, or children.
The first area, Physiology, requires that the child has access to an adequate supply of food and water. The child also needs access to a bathroom.
Also, their learning area or area's need to be adequately sanitary; also, they need to feel comfortable in the areas, so the climate should be neither too hot nor too cold.
The second area is safety. The child must feel, and be safe within the learning area. If they are not safe, they and/or their parents will not be happy. Thus causing a potentially dangerous setback in the child's education.
Also, the increasing use of metal detectors and other 'intrusive' security devices, it could be said that too much safety can cause a child to feel smothered.
If these needs are not met, it could hinder the child's development; they could get sick, shy away from being active in the learning process, and/or cause conflicts between the children.
These two areas, combined with the rest of the levels are what are needed to be fulfilled to make sure that a child is in his/her proper environment.