PLACING GRECO-ROMAN HIÃÂ TORY IN WORLD HIÃÂ TORICAL CONTEXT
IncreaÃÂed influence of world hiÃÂtorical modelÃÂ for periodization, ÃÂtate content ÃÂtandardÃÂ for hiÃÂtory, and aÃÂÃÂeÃÂÃÂment inÃÂtrumentÃÂ ÃÂuch aÃÂ the AP and ÃÂ AT II all demonÃÂtrate that Greco-Roman hiÃÂtorianÃÂ muÃÂt become more involved in the pedagogy of world hiÃÂtory and in the production of ÃÂcholarÃÂhip to inform that teaching. ThiÃÂ article inveÃÂtigateÃÂ ÃÂeveral leading world hiÃÂtorical periodization modelÃÂ, aÃÂ well aÃÂ the problematic tranÃÂlation of thoÃÂe modelÃÂ into content ÃÂtandardÃÂ and ÃÂtandardized teÃÂtÃÂ, in order to explore the problemÃÂ and poÃÂÃÂibilitieÃÂ of how to place Greco-Roman hiÃÂtory into world hiÃÂtorical context in both teaching and ÃÂcholarly publication.
I. You Expect Me to Teach What? The ÃÂ tate of the Problem
HiÃÂtorianÃÂ of Greece and Rome, and the claÃÂÃÂicÃÂ in general, have come under fire for a lack of world hiÃÂtorical perÃÂpective. Andre Gunder Frank and Barry K. GillÃÂ, for inÃÂtance, have eÃÂÃÂentially compared the EurocentriÃÂm of claÃÂÃÂiciÃÂtÃÂ to a diÃÂeaÃÂe in need of a cure.
Frank and GillÃÂ argue that their own perÃÂpective on world hiÃÂtory, which lookÃÂ at the laÃÂt 5000 yearÃÂ aÃÂ a world ÃÂyÃÂtem, "offerÃÂ a powerful antidote to the Eurocentric claÃÂÃÂical hiÃÂtorianÃÂ, who impoÃÂed their biaÃÂ upon ÃÂtudieÃÂ of the ancient world by privileging the role of Greco-Roman civilization in the ÃÂtory of world hiÃÂtory . . . ÃÂyÃÂtematically denigrat[ing] and diÃÂmiÃÂÃÂ[ing] aÃÂ unimportant" what non-weÃÂtern or "oriental" ÃÂocietieÃÂ contributed.2 Whether or not claÃÂÃÂiciÃÂtÃÂ ÃÂuffer from the diÃÂeaÃÂe of EurocentriÃÂm, they certainly have had leÃÂÃÂ inveÃÂtment than AfricaniÃÂtÃÂ or ÃÂ inologiÃÂtÃÂ in promoting, or even adopting, the world hiÃÂtorical agenda.
Why iÃÂ that? One anÃÂwer iÃÂ that while weÃÂtern civilization modelÃÂ thrived, claÃÂÃÂiciÃÂtÃÂ were already at the center and in fact ÃÂtood to loÃÂe ground aÃÂ the "weÃÂt iÃÂ beÃÂt" or "weÃÂt and the reÃÂt" modelÃÂ were caÃÂt off, and...