Alliteration: the repition of initial identical consonant sounds in successive or closely associated words or syllables.
Example: storm and stress; long, lean and lanky
Assonance: the repitition of similar vowel sounds in conjunction with dissimilar consonant in the line
Example: eerie, creaky, squeals and screeches; peel forth beyond our feeble reaches
Allusion: a reference to another work or famous figure what is assumed to be well-known enough to be recognized by the reader.
Consonance: the repitition of identical consonant sounds before and after different vowel sounds
Example: boost, best; fulfill; ping-pong
Diction: deliberate word choice for the purpose of gaining a desired effect
End Rhyme: the last word in a line of poetry rhymes with the last word in another line
Example: "...tapping at my chamber door- only this and nothing more."
Imagery: words or phrases that use a collection of images to appeal to one or more of the five senses in order to create a mental picture for the reader
Example: auditory (hearing), visual (sight), tactile (touch), olfactory (smell), gustatory (taste)
Internal Rhyme: words within one line in poetry rhyme with one another.
Example: "While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping"
Lyric Poetry: brief subjective poetry, strongly marked by imagination, melody and emotion, which creates for the reader a single, unified impression
Narrative Poetry: non-dramatic poetry, which tells a story or presents a narrative, epics, and ballads are examples.
Onomatopeia: the use of words that sound like what they are
Example: hiss, sizzle, crack, pop, bang
Repitition: the use, more than once, of any element of language-a sound a word, a phrase, a clause, a sentence used to create a musical effect and for emphasis
Example: In his famous civil rights speech, M. Luther King Jr. repeats the words "I have a dream"...