1. What Problem Does the Policy Seek To Solve? After taking office in January 2001, President George W> Bush announced ?No Child Left Behind,? a framework for bipartisan education reform that is described as ?the cornerstone of his administration.? The President emphasized his deep belief in our public schools, but an ever greater concern ?that? too many of our neediest children are being left behind despite the nearly $200 billion in federal spending since the passage of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). The President called for bipartisan solutions based on accountability, choice, and flexibility in federal educational programs.
Less than a year later, despite the unprecedented challenges of engineering an economy recovery. President Bush secured passage of the landmark ?No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.? The new law reflects a remarkable consensus ? first articulated in the President?s ?No Child Left Behind? framework on how to improve the performance of America?s elementary and secondary schools while at the same time ensuring that no child is trapped in a failing school.
2. Who Seemed To Agree That This Was A Policy Problem? One important goal of ?No Child Left Behind? is to breathe new life into the ?flexibility for accountability? bargain with States first struck by President George H. W. Bush during his historic 1989-education summit with the nation?s Governors at Charlottesville, Virginia. Prior flexibility efforts focused on the waiver of program requirements; the NCLB/ACT mans beyond this limited approach to give States and school districts unprecedented flexibility in the use of Federal education funds in exchange for strong accountability for results.
3. Who Advocated This Policy Solution? President George W. Bush stated that the blueprint represented part of his agenda for education reform. The blueprint served as a framework for which Democrat, Republican...