Powers of the President
There are many unclear characteristics of the presidency, one of them being the commander in chief. Although he/she has the power to call troops into service, he/she does not have the power to declare war. It is actually up to congress to decide whether to declare war or not. Although the president has the decision to send troops or not, it is still up to congress to agree to use the services of troops or the National Guard. There have been many conflicts where we, the USA, have sent troops into conflicts without declaring war.
War of 1812- James Madison,
James Madison sent a letter to congress on June 1, 1812, Talking about America's issues with Great Britain. After Madison's message, the House of Representatives talked for four days behind closed doors before voting the first declaration of war and the Senate agreed.
The conflict began formally on June 18, 1812, when Madison signed the measure into law and proclaimed it the next day. This was the first time that the United States had declared war on another nation, and the Congressional vote would prove to be the closest vote to formally declare war in American history. Non of the 39 federalist in congress voted in favor of the war. In the War of 1812, the United Stated did declare war and the president declared it and used U.S. forces to engage with combat. The result of the War of 1812 led to a Treaty, Treaty of Ghent, which on December, 24, 1814, restored relations between the two nations.
Mexican War - James K. Polk,
James K. Polk received notice of the Thornton Affair, a battle in 1846 between the military forces of the United States and Mexico twenty...