AbstractThere have been many views that whether a prisoner should be let out unless they have a job to go to. Based on approving the idea, this article will discuss the relationship between criminals' behaviour change and job, introduce the affects of working when the criminals are let out of prison. And also a new rule of the punishment for criminals will be proposed to avoid people who are let out of prison committing crimes again.
Keywords: crime, unemployment, family, environment, Punitive Financial CompensationIntroductionEx-criminal's work seeking is a serious problem for not only the citizens but also the government. What the criminals do after serving the punishment in prison has been concerned widely. So there is the opinion that people should not be allowed out of prison, unless they have a job to go to. I think this is quite right and I totally agree. Some criminals still commit crimes after serving the punishment in prison.
Unemployment seems to be one of the most important reasons. This article will show the reasons and also produce some personal views about the effects of a job for them, such as the relationships of the job and themselves, their careers, their families, the government and society.
The Main ReasonsThere are four reasons:Firstly, a job can keep these people's mind and hands busy to prevent them from thinking about and committing crimes again. As we all know, unemployment is one of the most important reasons of the crime. 70% of convicted criminals in UK are unemployed when they offend.  If they have no job when they are out of prison, they may be back to the situations which lead them to commit crimes in the beginning; in that case it is entirely possible for them to commit crimes again. For instance, some drug dealers may go back to their "business" after they serve their punishment in prison, because of unemployment or laziness. Home Office statistics in the early 1990s showed that 54% of released prisoners and 47% were convicted again for crimes within two years. And most of them are unemployed. Secondly, these people need to have a new start after their punishment in prison. When they are let out of prison, they need money to support themselves, so they must do some work to earn money. Furthermore, a new career may boost these people's enthusiasm for life and society. On one hand, a nice working environment may change their ways of thinking and behaving. They could meet many other citizens and learn from them, and hence gain trust and confidence in themselves. On the other hand, if they work hard, they could have a bright future career, and then contribute to society. There are many successful men had been sent into prison, such as the famous boxing agent - King.
Thirdly, a job could improve the relationships between these people and their families. If they have a job when they are let out of prison, they can earn money for themselves, and will not make the extra burdens of economic for the family. After living in a lonely and strange environment in prison, they need solicitude and attention very much because they have a strong willing to back to the community. When they are just let out of prison, they may be deficient in communication. Working can heighten their capability in communicating; because the communication is integrant in the work. A caring family is essential for them to start a new life. Of course, the caring family may not appear unless they have changed to good forms.
Finally, giving these people jobs could reduce the government's pressure. As we all know, the government has been trying to reduce the number of people who are unemployed and receive benefits. To provide these people with jobs when they leave the prison, they will able to earn money for themselves, and do not require payment from the government. This could reduce the finance pressure of the government. The money could also be used for people who need it urgently, for example, pensioners, disabled people and orphans.
To Achieve The GoalHowever, to achieve this requires the participation of the government and a great deal help from society. It is difficult for people who have criminal records to find jobs by themselves. The government needs to encourage companies to accept these people and possibly establish some rules for these situations. Also, the people who have just finished their sentences should to be examined to see if they can behave well and are willing to work.
But what should we do if these people who are let out of prison do not want to work but to commit crimes, because they may think it is so profitable that they did not need to be employed. To avoid people who are just out of prison and unemployed commit crimes thoroughly, there is a suggestion called 'Punitive Financial Compensation'.
It acts as a deterrent for greater number of people. There are some people who are not afraid of prison, saying to their intended victim, "I'll put you in a wheel chair for life, and then spend a few years playing snooker and watching TV at her Majesty's pleasure". But with Punitive Financial Compensation, the intended victim will answer, "And work for me, my family, and the penal system for the rest of your life". It is really an admonition for those who are too lazy to work but want to commit crimes. If they do that, they will not only be sentenced into prison but also pay for the victims by working for them.
ConclusionTo conclude, obtaining a job for the people who come out of prison is a great method for them to rejoin society and for others to accept them. Also it is a safer way for citizens if they all have a job to afford themselves, because they would not think of committing crimes again. And Roger Matthews (1999, p117) said that there has been found to be an association in certain areas between the level of unemployment and the number of people in prison. Consequently, I agree that people should not be allowed out of prison, unless they have a job to go to.
References1. http://www.humanism.org.uk/site/cms/contentPrintArticle.asp?article=12262. 'Prisons - Do They Work? '(2004) http://www.truth-and-justice.info/2004/prison.html3. Roger Matthews (1999), 'Doing Time-An Introduction to the Sociology ofImprisonment', MACMILLAN PRESS LTD