Are Problems Associated with "under development"; only relevant to poor countries? Discuss, drawing on module material, wide reading and if applicable, your own experience.

Essay by robstarUniversity, Bachelor'sB, November 2004

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Under development normally applies to countries and the societies within them. It is a reference to a lack of economic and industrial development within an area which as a result helps to hold back the area or society from developing. Under development takes place all over the world. It is just as prevalent in towns scattered across first world countries as it is in Africa and many other third world countries and developing countries. It can take on many different guises from industrial decline in an area, leading to unemployment, an economic depression and thus resulting in the degeneration of an area, examples of these sorts of areas, where once the staple industries were at their peak eighty plus years ago can be seen in England across Lancashire and Yorkshire where towns such as Halifax have been left to fall into a state of decline leading to an engulfing depression over the town which it has and is still struggling to lift.

Of course the other type of under development is the one that takes place in many third world countries. The governments of third world nations struggle to invest in the grass roots of their societies, from healthcare and education to growth industries and the service sectors. These are simple infrastructures that need to be implemented if third world countries are to begin development and continue to develop themselves. Both of these will be looked at later on.

There are many models of economic development. One of the most prevalent is The Rostow model. It is based on a study of fifteen countries, mainly from Europe. As ever with these economic development models it is easier to explain it using an extreme situation such as the British Industrial revolution. Before the revolution actually took hold of Britain, there...