1. How has technology changed the manager's job over the past 20 years? Discuss the pros and cons of technology. Please be specific and give examples.
There are two different views on technology. Some say that technology has caused harm to their lives, and others have reward technology with making their lives much easier. None the less technology has changed the manager's job over the past twenty years.
Technology has accounted for improvements in aerospace, telecommunications, hardware, software, and transportation. Information technology is one of the major improvements in technology over the past twenty years. With these improvements come crimes. A survey of five hundred and sixty-three firms claims that seventy-five percent of these firms have reported financial loss due to security breaches. The FBI estimates that this kind of theft cost US industries two hundred and fifty billion a year. This changes the role of the manager's job. Now a manager has to deal with information security.
The manager has to take into account the concern for security percentages. The manager had to be able to determine the security requirements for an organization. The manager has to determine confidentiality, integrity, availability, auditablity and authenticity.
Another great improvement derived from technology is electronic commerce. Electronic commerce opens up new markets. It eliminates intermediaries, minimizes cost, and provides a world wide market place. However electronic commerce couldn't take place without the Internet. Both of these improvements drastically change the manager's job. These improvements make the manager's job easier. However it also leaves the manager with more responsibilities. The manager now has to deal with electronic treats. This includes unauthorized access, password stealing, and many more.
With the Internet came Intranets and Extranets. Intranets allow a company to communicate with each other inside the organization. An extranet combines internal and external communications.