The Psychodynamic perspective
Sigmund Freud was born in May 6th 1856 and died in September 23rd 1939. Sigmund Freud had many theories over his career; he went on to be the founder of the psychodynamic approach.
It was suggested that the psyche is made up of three different parts, the id, ego and super-ego; these three parts are to be said what shapes our personality. The id is the part of the psyche that is driven by sex, food and drink and if these desires are not met the id can become very aggressive. The superego is the moral part of the psyche, the superego always wants us to behave in a manner that people would find socially acceptable and when we do not it punishes us with guilt and anxiety. The ego operates on the reality principle and is the balance between both the id and the superego it negotiates between them and tries to bring pleasure without pain, McLeod, S.
It was suggested that defence mechanisms are used by the ego to try to suppress the anxiety caused by the id. Anxiety can happen as a result of the ego being able to manage the demands of the id or the demands for moral from the superego. Displacement, moving impulses to someone or something that is less threatening, sublimation the redirection of bad impulses into society idea of acceptable activities , repression stopping painful or dangerous thoughts and denial pretending and acting like something has not happened and there for refusing to admit reality. These are all examples of some of the defence mechanisms used by the ego to deal with to constant conflict between the id and super ego McLeod, S. A. (2007).
The experiences of a child go on to mould the personality...