Public Health is the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. It is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis (Wikipedia.org). One of the major topics that impact public health is sexually transmitted diseases among teens.
Sexually transmitted diseases, commonly called STDs, are diseases that are spread by having sex with someone who has an STD. You can get a sexually transmitted disease from sexually activity that involves the mouth, anus, vagina, or penis (avert.org). According to the American Social Health Organization, one out of four teens in the United States is infected with a sexually transmitted disease, according to CDC (Center for Disease Control) (ashastd.org). The figures based on research conducted in 2003 and 2004, show that nearly one out of five girls between the ages of 14 and 19 years old is infected with human papilloma virus (HPV), which can cause cervical cancer and genital warts.
About one in twenty-five girls carries Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted bacterium (ashastd.org).
Some STDs have no symptoms but if symptoms are present they may include one or more of the following: bumps, sores or warts near the mouth, anus, penis or vagina; Swelling or redness near the penis or vagina; Skin rash; painful urination; weight loss, loose stools, night sweats; aches, pains, fever, and chills; yellowing of the skin (jaundice); discharge from the penis or vagina (vaginal discharge may have an odor); bleeding from the vagina other than during a monthly period; painful sex; severe itching near the penis or vagina(cdc.gov).
STDs are serious illnesses that require treatment. Some STDs, like AIDS, cannot be cured and are deadly (cdc.gov). The...