The Puritan Experience in New England
*saintly heroes who brought civilization to American shores
1.sieze Native Americans land in Gods name
*liberty-hating bigots who opposed all forms of pleasure/creative thought
1.Dressed according to class
2.Did not celebrate holidays
3.Beer is OK if drunk in moderation
4.Sex w/in marriage seen as gift from God
*wanted to create model "Christian Commonwealth" .
*to maintain this society rules were strict against moral laxity,hard labor and non-believers(p.44)
17TH CENT. PUR. BELIEFS.
*Earth is God's temp. kingdom, humans used as divine vessels
*every event/creature is related to God's cosmic plan
*struggle between good(God) and evil(Satan)
*God's followers achieve "heavenly bliss"
*Satan's followers receive eternal damnation
VIEWS ON INDIANS
2.Descendants of 1 of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel
1.leads missionaries to translate Bible so Indians may be converted
2.Conversion diff. since Rel. is complex and restrictive
3.1636-37: assault against Pequots
4.King Phillip's War: 1675 Metacomet AKA King Phillip forms mil. Alliances w/ Nipmuck&Narraganset against descendants of Plymouth Pilgrims
5.War caused by English intrusion on Metacomets' ancestral land
1. Pop.& morale lowered.
2."Only good Indian is a dead indian" (45)
3.Forces pur. to reevaluate their mission
IMPROVEMENT AND ITS PROBLEMS
7.Nearly every1 could read/write.
8.Life expectancy 65 yrs.
*Means more working years and potent. 4 more $$
*Prosperity has drawbacks since Non. Pur. have only commercial motives
oDrop in chur. Membership (esp. among men)
oLack of youth interest in spiritual matters
oPlacement of economic gain above community
EFFECTS: 1662 Half Way Covenant
oAllowed unconverted children/grandchildren of full church members to enjoy some church privileges
oThe compromise is fails in improving chur. Membership, & demonstrates as to how far N.E. had fallen from its orig. ideals