To understand the purpose of education, one must have knowledge of the diversecultures and historic events that have contributed to today's current practices. A global andhistoric frame of reference will help understand the development of today's teachingmethodologies. The following is the highlights of each dynasty.
China (3000 B.C. - A.D. 1900) - The educational goals of the Chinese were to prepareofficials to govern the empire according to Confucian. The Chinese believed strongly innational examinations and the assessment of student's academic competence (sounds like NoChild Left Behind (NCLB)). However, China's educational handicap was that they did notallow the influence of foreign cultures. As a result, China's reluctance to adapt technologyfrom other cultures isolated and weakened it.
India (3000 B.C. - A.D. 1900) - India was a civilization that was invaded by manycultures over the years. However, they were able to endure these culture changes througheducation. America should learn from India's success.
As we learned in class, a diverseculture should not turn into a melting pot, but a tossed salad. The goal should be to learn andadapt to the ways of your current country, but never forget your originÃ¢ÂÂ¦embrace themEgypt (3000 B.C. - 300 B.C.) - Egypt is the worlds oldest civilization. The overallgoal for Egypt was always the empire. Their education was designed to educate priests andprepare bureaucracies. But, it should also be noted, Egypt taught poetry, literature, medicine,writing, and architecture. I'll never forget a show I saw on the Discovery Channel. Anarcheologist thought he found the first battery ever! It was found buried in a pyramid inEgypt. This just goes to show, we are still learning on the advancements of the Egyptianculture and educational system.
Greeks (1600 B.C. - 300 B.C.) - Greeks understood the importance in forming goodcitizens. As a result, young Greeks were prepared to become...