Authors during the Revolution were classified as either rationalist orromantic, but whether they were classified as rationalist or romanticdepended on their style of writing. Rationalist and romantic authors wrotesmiliarly using the same techniques, but they also were different from eachother.
A rationalist author during this time period was Patrick Henry. In theVirginia Convention of 1775, Henry stood up and gave a speech. Its subjectwas about Independence that they need from Great Britain. Henry believethat "No man thinks more highly than I do of the patriotidsm, as well as theabilites, of the very worthy gentlemen who have just addressed theHouse"(1.1). Henry is saying that their patriotism is the feeling they need sothey can break away from England. One of the syntax that Henry uses isan Anaphora. Henry repeats the word fight twice in the 4th paragraph, andparallelism is also used in the passage. In the 4th parapraph, the author usesperiod sentence, "If we wish to be free-if we mean to preserve inviolate thoseinestimable privileges for which we have been so long contending-if we meannot basely to abandon the noble struggle in which we have been so longengaged, and which we have pledged ourselves never to abandon untilglorious object of our contest shall be obtained, we must fight! I repeat it, sir,we must fight! An appeal to arms and to the God of Hosts is all that is left ofus"(4.22).
Rhetorical strategies are what Henry uses to make his speech moreeffective. Arguementation is used throughout paragraph 4, by askingrhetorical questions such as "Shall we gather strength by irresolution andinaction"(5.6). Appastion is used in paragraph 6 with "Gentlemen may crypeace, peace-but there is no peace(6.2).
A romantic author of this time period was Ralph Waldo Emerson'sFrom Nature. Emerson uses figures of speech such as imagery. He says,"But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and light the universe withtheir admonishing smile"(1.8). Another example of imagery is, "The flowers,the animals, the mountains, reflected al the wisdome of his best hour, asmuchas they had delighted the simplicity of his childhood"(2.5). A similiewas a figure of speech in paragraph 4. "In the woods too, a man casts offhis years, as the snack his slough, and at what period soever of life, is alwaysa child"(4.14). Cause and effect was used in Emerson's passage; "Then,there is a kind of contempt of the landscape felt by him who has just lost bydeath a dear friend"(7.6).
Both of the authors have similarities between the styles of writing.
They both contained the syntax elements to make their speech and passagepowerful. They were both considered to be rebels, because of their actionstowards rules and or laws.
The difference between these authors, is the fact that Henry was verypassionate about patriotism and how America needs to fight Britain to befree from their rule. Emerson writes about nature and how nature is beautiful,and relates to man. Emerson wasnt involved with any of the rationalistactions against the British.
In Conclusion, Henry and Emerson styles of writing were similar anddifferent. Those both contained key elements of literature, while they used different words and phrases.