Leonardo Da Vinci-
Born April 15, 1452
Died May 2, 1519
Parents-Piero da Vinci & Caterina da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci is an Italian Renaissance architect, musician, anatomist, inventor, engineer, sculptor, geometry, painter as well as a scientist and philosopher. Mostly known for his masterly paintings, such as The Last Supper and Mona Lisa, where he used lighting, shading and three dimensional perspectives. Leonardo's works were primarily religious. The Catholic Church being the richest in this era commissioned the most art and architecture, so artists worked in religious contexts and at the direction of the church. Though it is fair to say, not all religious art conveyed the same religious perspectives, Leonardo placed much emphasis on the humanity of human beings, using actions and placement to portray natural human actions, as well as Christian figures and mythology to convey secular, humanist ideas, displaying Christianity as well as humanism.
Leonardo is also known for designing many inventions that anticipated modern technology. Inventions such the bicycle, the helicopter and an airplane based on the physiology and flying capability of a bat. He also created many drawings of machines and mechanical machines such as linkage, rack and pinion, pulleys, gears and other things that are used to this day.
Leonardo has a natural instinct for science and art. He believes Art, is indisputably connected with science and nature. Mostly self educated, Leonardo studied anatomy and even dissected corpses in which to learn the vascular system of the body as well as muscle, organs and the development of fetuses in utero. Leonardo's in depth study of human anatomy led to the design of the first known robot in recorded history. The design, later named Leonardo's robot, was probably first discovered and made around 1495 but was rediscovered only in the 1950s.