United Statesgeneral Douglas MacArthur said, "In war, there is no substitute for victory."
World War I ended November 11, 1918. For the next twenty years there was an uneasy peace in the world. The treaty of Versailles was signed June 28, 1919. The treaty split Germany between the Allies. Germany's army was reduced to 100,000 men. There were allowed to have no subs or planes, and they had to pay for all reparations.
On January 30, 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. In August of 1934, Hitler was made Fuhrer giving him the power of president and Chancellor. As a result of Hitler's dictatorship, Germany became a totalitarian police state. Communists, gypsies, homosexuals, and above all, Jews were chastised. The Nuremburg Laws were passed banning Jews and non-Jews from marrying. After Kristallnacht, Jews were put into ghettos. On August 23, 1939, Germany signed a non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union.
On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland and on September 3, 1939 World War II began. The French formed the Magineaux Line to keep out the Germans, but the Germans bypassed the line to the north and invaded France. On June 5, Germany descended south through France. On June 14, Paris was taken.
On September 22, Japan joined the Axis powers. The United States still was not involved with the war because of the Neutrality Acts passed by congress. With Roosevelt as President, the Neutrality Acts were lifted and the Lend-Lease Act was passed.
Germany broke the non-aggression pact by invading the Soviet Union, but the Russian winter arrived early and the invasion was a failure. The United States passed the Atlantic Charter, banning all trade with Japan. On Dec 7, 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. The United States officially declared war on Japan. On Dec 11, 1941,