For most, the history of the United States begins with the American Revolution. But, what led up to that momentous decision to separate from Great Britain? From where did our Founding Fathers gather the confidence and strength to manage such a feat? In his book, The Colonial Wars: 1689-1762, Howard H. Peckham takes the reader through a timeline of the four great Colonial Wars and their battles, their heroes and their forgotten influence on American history. The militaristic and psychological changes the American colonists underwent gave the nation the self-reliance to revolt against the crown.
Peckham begins by pointing out the fact that, for over eight decades, up until the beginning of King William's War in 1689, early American military history was limited to defense against the Indians. The colonists had to adjust to the stealthy hit and run, guerilla-type warfare common to the Indians. This frontier method of combat would be an advantage to the American colonists in this and future wars, including the Revolutionary War, for they would fight the French and their Indian allies within the same "sea of trees" they had fought their previous Indian aggressors.
The American fighting style within the thick forest and on the rough terrain was a dramatic departure from the gentlemanly way of war typical of the British on the flat, empty European battlegrounds. When a militia was formed at the onset of King William's War, American colonists were able to demonstrate their fighting abilities against the French and their Abenaki Indian allies.
On top of the changes in the fighting ability of the American military, the realization set in that cooperation was needed, first among the colonies and then among the combined British and American armies and the powerful British navy. The attempts at unification of the colonies for...