PERSONALITY, INTELLIGENCE AND TESTING
Review Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices together with the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale,
Intelligence, or cognitive ability doesn't have one standardised definition. (Legg & Hutter, 2007) Some researchers believe it to be a singular ability while others would say it is a grouping of various aptitudes and abilities. Intelligence is intangible and an entity that is not physically measurable. When defining intelligence, psychologists generally agree that it is the capacity to learn based on prior experience as well as adapting to different situations. Intelligence as a subject is broad in its different theories and opinions that Sternberg (1990) suggested that a manner of understanding the theories would be to categorise them based on six metaphors: geographic, computational, biological, epistemological, anthropological and sociological.
There are many manners in which intelligence is tested. We do this to be able to predict behaviour and learn about individual differences; one of the ways intelligence is tested is through psychometric testing.
Psychometric testing is a scientific way of measuring intelligence. Referring to general intelligence tests, a criticism of which is that they essentially haven't deviated from the general structure since the influential work of Binet in the 1900s. Together with Theodore Simon, he devised a scale that most children would pass. The calculation of IQ is based on the relationship between mental age and actual age.
This essay will review two different tests: Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) and the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale, describing the tests themselves, evaluating the theory the tests are constructed upon and based on recent literature assess the use and effectiveness of each.
Raven's Standard Progressive matrices (J. Raven, J.C. Raven, & Court, 2003) were developed to assess Spearmans'(1927) model of general intelligence of which there are two components: eductive ability and reproductive ability. The standard Progressive...