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The Rise of Artificial Intelligence
Living in a world in which artificially intelligent robots have become part of our everyday life where not only they clean the house, cook or deliver our mail, but also write the essays, do the presentations, the jobs instead of us. Is this kind of world merely a dream that can only exist in the science fiction movies or is it in our future? Are computers or other kinds of machines able to think as we can? Is it possible that someday machines will have intelligence or have they achieved this feature before as it is claimed by some of the artificial intelligence theorists? In this paper, these questions will be discussed.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the area of computer science focusing on creating machines that can engage in the human behaviors of intelligence. AI has the ability to behave conditionally, altering itself and reacting to its environment (AITopics, 2010).
It is related to the similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence; however, AI does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable. It is entirely too difficult to define "intelligence"; people cannot yet characterize in general what kinds of computational procedures they wish to call intelligent, and what mark, if any, needs to be reached for AI to operate on its own.
Early attempts at AI were neural networks modeled after the ones in the human brain (aaai.org, 2010). Success was minimal at best because of the lack of computer technology needed to calculate such large equations. The real breakthrough came with the advent of the electronic computer in 1941. Because of this, the technology was finally available to create machine intelligence. It became possible to create programs that perform difficult intellectual...