Rise of Inca Empire

Essay by yiuwiayJunior High, 9th grade October 2014

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The Rise of the Inca Empire

The Incas were the most powerful empire in Southern America. Advanced warfare, strict laws, and administration of the empire were factors that contributed to the creation of such a strong empire.

Empires are gradually arisen into from tribes that gain power and conquer land. Oral history says the origin of Inca starts during around 1200 BCE. Four brothers and four sisters seek for a place to settle. The Incas fought off the Killke tribes prior to them and settled in Cusco, a city in southeastern Peru along the Andes Moutains. Cusco soon became the capital of the Inca Empire. Manco Capac, one of the four brothers became the leader of the small tribe. For the next 200 years, the Incas remained as a small group of people. It was until during 1438, their emperor Pachacuti started the conquering and expansion of Inca with his military power.

Inca soon became the most powerful empire in South America. Tupac Inca Yupanqui became emperor after the death of Pachacuti in 1471, he continued expanding the Inca Empire, making conquests to the north in. During the ruling of Tupac Inca Yupanqui, expansions reached north into present day Ecuador and Columbia. The Inca Empire reached its peak of domination; they possessed Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and most of Chile.

Strong military was an inevitable component to the Incas to conquering land. The Inca warriors were vigorous and fierce. The immense size of the Inca army looked fearsome and intimidating; their rivals would often surrender and submit without even fighting. "If submission could be achieved without the need for battle, the Inca commander would often accept a diplomatic surrender, absorbing rival tribes into the empire without resorting to open warfare. The price of later...