Role of IMF in Eurozone Crisis

Essay by NinoGiorgadzeUniversity, Master'sB, September 2014

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Date: 28.04.2014

Name: Nino Giorgadze

Topic: Chapter 6 - International Positioning

I. Chapter Summary 6.1 Elements and definition/ 6.2 Target Consumer Identification

Positioning - long term strategic marketing tool, which influences consumers' perception of a brand in international markets.

The goal of positioning to create a clear perception for the brand in consumers' mind, differentiate it from its competitors and create benefit/value to the consumers.

The process of positioning should answer the following questions:

Who are our consumers?

What does the brand deliver to the target consumers?

How does the consumer perceive the brand?

How does our brand compete with others on the market?

Who does the consumer consider as a competitor of our brand?

Definition of Positioning includes 3 core elements:

Brand Equity - brand as consumers perceive it. It is influenced by several elements

Brand Image (set of associations, e.g McDonald's)

Perceived Quality

Brand Heritage ( s.g. Bosch)

Brand Loyalty

Brand Awareness


Target Consumer - People have different preferences, taste and lifestyle.

Thus different market segments require different solutions. In the process of targeting, decisions should be made with regard to which of the segments best matches the brand's image, as we want it to be perceived in the future.

Consumer Benefit - Consumers buy products because they bring them certain value/benefit. There are several concepts of Brand Benefit. The earliest one _ Unique Selling Proposition was introduced in 1960 by Rosser Reeves. It focused on effective advertising and had three integral parts: 1. each advertisement must make a proposition to consumer 2. Proposition must be unique 3. Proposition must be strong to attract new consumers. Though, nowadays we can differentiate between 3 types of consumer benefit that a brand can offer:

Functional Benefit - technical attribute, quality, durability etc. e.g. - Volvo

Emotional Benefit - Self-confidence,