Organizations and the Need for Manager
* Organization: Two or more people who work together in a structured way to achieve a specific goal or set of goals
* Goal: The purpose that an organization strives to achieve; organizations often have more than one goal; goals are fundamental elements of organizations
* Manager: People responsible for directing the efforts aimed at helping organizations achieve their goals by using management skills
"Management" (from Old French mÃÂ©nagement "the art of conducting, directing", from Latin manu agere "to lead by the hand") characterizes the process of leading and directing all or part of an organization, often a business, through the deployment and manipulation of resources (human, financial, material, intellectual or intangible). Early twentieth-century management writer Mary Parker Follett defined management as "the art of getting things done through people."
Developing some feeling for managerial work can be achieved by looking at management jobs from several viewpoints.
Managerial work can be classified in terms of organizational levels, basic skills, breadth of responsibility, and roles. This essay will give a brief explanation on Management level, The Functions of a Manager, Definition of management and skills.
Organizations can be viewed broadly as having four basic levels. The lowest level is usually classified as the operative or operational level, and employees at this level do not generally have any managerial duties.
The managerial jobs at the first level above the operative level, in other words, the lowest-level managerial jobs, are called first-line or first-level management. First-line managers are often called supervisors, superintendents, or administrators. They are charged with overseeing operative employees. Examples are office manager in a large office, ward nurse in a hospital, and production supervisor in a manufacturing facility.
The managerial jobs at the level or levels above...