Mrs. J. Kasian-Machovec
Social Studies 8KM
29 April 2010
Rome was a great civilization for many things. One of these things that was very important was their engineering. There are many great feats of Roman Engineering, and there are three of them that demonstrate the greatness of Roman Engineering are the Colosseum, the Pantheon, and the Arch of Constantine.
The Colosseum was a great building used for many things like gladiatorial games, mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical Mythology. The Colosseum is an amphitheatre, capable of seating 50,000 or more spectators, and it was originally called the Flavian Amphitheatre. It was built from the years 70 to 82 CE under the emperor Vespasian, but it was completed under Titus in 80 CE. This was the time that was just after Emperor Nero and his reign.
Also later, Domitian made some modifications during his reign, which was from 81-96 CE. The Colosseum is very large, with an ellipse that is 188 m long, and 156m wide, with 80 arched entrances. The height of the building is 48.5 m or 159 feet, with the measurement of 76 by 44 m for the arena. The building was constructed with a number of materials including brick, tuff, cement, and travertine. The Romans had a very efficient way of building, and it was a great building, being very large even with taking twelve years to build, that was not very long for that time. The Colosseum is located not too far east of the Roman Forum in Central Rome. The Colosseum had intricate drain systems that could control the flow of water to the Colosseum so that they could stage great naval battles and so...