Resulting in part from the libertarian and egalitarian ideals of the French Revolution, the
romantic movements had in common only a revolt against the prescribed rules of classicism.
The basic aims of romanticism were various: a return to nature and to belief in the goodness
of humanity; the rediscovery of the artist as a supremely individual creator; the development
of nationalistic pride; and the exaltation of the senses and emotions over reason and intellect.
In addition, romanticism was a philosophical revolt against rationalism. On the contrary,
classicism is a term that, when applied generally, means clearness, elegance, symmetry, and
repose produced by attention to traditional forms. It is sometimes synonymous with
excellence or artistic quality of high distinction. More precisely, the term refers to the
admiration and imitation of Greek and Roman literature, art, and architecture. Because the
principles of classicism were derived from the rules and practices of the ancients, the term
came to mean the adherence to specific academic canons.
The major differences between
Neo-Classicism and Romanticism: Romanticism pledged to the fulfillment of the heart's
desire. But classicism put faith in intellect. Romanticism rejected every rule that might
destroy the full expression of self. Classicism insisted that the creative instinct must be
subjected to rule. Romanticism was a way of feeling and it became a way of life. Classicism
was a way of thought. Romanticism embraces the concepts of the unattainable, beyond the
limits of society. Classicism embraced nobility, grandeur and virtue. The Romantic hero pits
himself against a hostile environment and at no time comes to terms with it. A classical hero
has no control and triumphs nobly in this acquiescence, otherwise he would not be
Romantics verse Realists and Naturalists have different views of nature It will show how Romantics had a deepened appreciation...