Essay by ydrb1310High School, 12th grade October 2014

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14/08/14 10:39

The Beginning

Since the French Revolution, Liberalism was the leading political system that was sweeping Europe and the Americas. Liberal Democracies

All citizens had equal rights. The idea of giving people liberty and equality through a constitution became the hallmark of a liberal government

Liberals therefore stressed the importance of individual rights

Communism and Fascism

At the beginning of the 20th century, the human population on earth was the biggest it had ever been

Pair that with new technology and communication systems and you have what historians call mass society

Governments needed to respond to this new mass society and figure out the best way to organize such a large, mobile informed group of people

At this point, Liberal-Democracies in the world had not taken hold of mass politics and this made that particular form of gov. ill suited to govern mass society

Communism and Fascism both claimed to have a solution to the liberal- democratic governments

With Liberalism focusing on individual rights, Communism and Fascism both focused on being a part of a group instead

C and F felt that individualism was dead.

The idea that people can pursue their own self interest and be a part of a political system just didn't work out to them

So the Fascists created a group of Nationalists fighting for a stronger nation, and the Communists united people by social class.

Political Parties therefore, should be about protecting there groups of people, and not individuals

Theoretical Benefits of Communism and Fascism

In this way, masses of people could be mobilized to work for the greater good, either for the nation or the class

Both sides had different ideas about how to mobilize the groups of people

What was necessary was a leadership group that understood the greater goal, or...