What's the difference between act (AU) and rule
utilitarianism (RU)? What are the strengths and
weaknesses of each?
In the past Utilitarianism was judged on each individual action, after many years pasted
then Utilitarianism was judge on the consequences of the truth and a lie. Your
consequences are judged on thoughts such as a promise you made or the truth you was
told. "The new version of the theory Rule Utilitarianism, which is distinguishing it from
the original theory, now commonly called Act-Utilitarianism." So
this means that Act Utilitarianism shows the happiness of a person that is helping with
another person needs. Bottom line is that Act Unitarianism looks at the individual action
of a person and rule Utilitarianism means that you are reviewed from an action.
Au is a theory used to judge right and wrong based on its outcome. The
end result of the action is a bigger part of the picture than why it was done
in the first place.
It is a strong theory because it looks at the
consequences of an act, weak because it overlooks the question of why an
act is right or wrong to begin with.
Ru is a way of using rules agreed upon by a group of people within a
society. In order to thrive in that society, certain rules apply to a person's
actions. What rules would make the people happy is the rule to best follow
according to RU.
AU is the conventional form of Utilitarianism which states that moral actions should be
guided by what would derive the most happiness. The benefits of this theory is that is
provides a systematic system to determine moral actions. When presented with a moral
dilemna, one must only determine the moral action that will provide the greatest amount...