Samual Slater Samual Slater was born in Belper, Derbyshire, England on June 9, 1768. He became involved in the textile industry at the age of 14 he was apprenticed to Jedediah Strutt, a partner of Richard Arkwrigth and the owner of one of the first cotton mills in Belper. Slater worked for Strutt for eight years and rose to become superintendent of Strutt's mill. It was in this capacity that he gained a comprehensive understanding of Arkwright's machines.
Believing that textile industry in England had reached its peak. Slater secretly immigrated to America in 1789, in hopes of making his fortune in America's infant textile industry. While others with textile manufacturing experience had emigrated before him, Slater was the first who knew how to build as well as operate textile machines. Slater with funding from Providence investors and assistance from skilled local artisans built the first successful water powered textile mill in Pawtucket in 1793.
One of the earliest mill villages was Slatersvill, Rhode Island. Located on the Branch River in present day North Smithfield, Rhode Island. Samuel Slater and his brother John built Slatersvill in 1803. By 1807, the village included the Slatersvill Mill, the largest and most modern industrial building of its day.