Satire is a term that can be applied to many different works of literature or art form whose objective is to ridicule. An author may express irony; sarcasm or even biting wit and its purpose is to expose wickedness and foolishness. Satire can be easier recognized than defined. Sources say that satirist from ancient times have shared a common aim to expose foolishness in all its costumes. The word satire derived from both the Greek satura meaning a "medley" or "mixture" and a similar Latin word connoting "satiation". (Pp 159 Funk & Wagnalls Encyclopedia)
Satire has surpassed many years of writers. The satirical tradition flourished throughout many years it past through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance and even the golden age of the 17th and early 18th century. There are many familiar writers like Swift, Shakespeare, and Alexander Pope who have explored the world of satire. Swift when writing satire uses "savage indignation" in Gulliver's Travels by exposing humanity in all its cruelty and injustice.
Whereas Pope uses a mock epic about the crisis that occurs when a lock of Lady Belinda's hair is snipped by a suitor as she sips her coffee in "The Rape of the Lock". There are many different types of satire.
In the 19th & the 20th century satire gave way to a more gentle type of criticism. The 19th Century Romantic Movement had little taste for satire, which left it mostly ridiculing morals and manners, but was used in longer types of frameworks such as novels. Charles Dickens used humorous but often skimmed satire of hypocrisy. Although as we got into the 20th century satire was dominated by fear from the atomic bomb and plagued by racism, pollution, drugs, and abuse of power. There were many different types of satire displayed in the...