Social Studies 9-1
June 15th 2012
The Scientific Revolution and a New Way of Thinking for the Europeans
After The Renaissance and the Reformation had taken place in Europe, breakdown of the medieval ideology and worldview occurred. Before the mid-1500s, Europeans' view on the universe and other science concepts were strongly formed and shaped by two great ancient thinkers Aristotle and Ptolemy. Not only did their views seem to be considered as common sense, it was also taken as the Biblical view. However, during the mid 1500s, people began to challenge and question on their views about universe and other concepts. This would make a final end with the medieval past and introduce a remarkable movement known as the "Scientific Revolution". Gradually, discoveries in the scientific revolution led to a new way of thinking for Europeans by disproving past ideals and introducing new ideas.
Scientists and researchers changed views about the universe, they introduced a new scientific method, and they also made new breakthroughs in medicine and chemistry. All of these new ideals would later change the European views by providing a new way of thinking and knowledge.
First, scientists and researchers changed ancient views about the universe and added new theories that would later on change Europeans' thinking. One of the great thinkers, Nicolaus Copernicus, rose during the revolution and his idea about the universe would become a controversial topic throughout Europe and other scientists would later try to support his ideal on universe. During 1543, Copernicus published "On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres". In this book, he brought up an idea about which the universe was heliocentric, meaning that the universe was sun-centered. He said Earth was just one of the many planets that revolved around the sun. Although his idea...