Sex Discrimination in the Workplace.

Essay by dmof123College, Undergraduate November 2003

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Women and men are different biologically; all cultures interpret these biological differences into a set of social expressions that outline which behaviors and activities are appropriate. Like race, ethnicity, and class, gender is a social category that largely establishes one's opportunities in life and further shapes one's participation in society and in the economy. Although expectations may vary in each culture, nearly every society gives the primary responsibility for the care of infants and children to women, and moneymaking to men. More often than not, these social norms can cause gender stereotypes, resulting in discrimination. Although equality among the sexes has come a long way in the United States, both in society and in the professional world, one can reluctantly concede that some things may never change, despite efforts to fix this imbalance. The purpose of this paper is, not to argue against these biases, but to portray the stereotypes that have been placed on women in the workplace, the effects of these inequalities, as well as a probable solution.

Stereotypes have been known to cause inequality within the workplace. Despite recent increases in women's educational attainment, women continue to earn less than men in the labor market - even when they hold the same degree and work experience. For years, women have been discriminated against when it comes to obtaining a position and a salary equal to men. Sexist employers may argue that the reason women may receive a lower salary or a lesser position is because, according to social norms, they are more dedicated to their family than their career. This stereotype tends to be a preventive measure among employers; in most cases, women do not even get the chance to prove this assumption wrong. While it may be a mother's maternal nature to be concerned...