Shang Yang was a very important figure of the Qin dynasty during the Warring
States period. During his time, Shang reformed the Qin in numerous ways. These
reforms were all in line with his Legalist philosophy.
One of his reforms was the different philosophy he had to the rule of law and
the importance and reenforcement of law. Hw believed this so strongly that he
considered its importance to be above that of a family's importance. He had the laws
engraved into stone in the towns for all to see so there would be no confusion.
His next major reform was that he introduced Land Reforms. These land reforms
rewarded farmers who the exceeded harvest expectation, but then enslaved farmers
who failed to meet expectation. Then those enslaved farmers were given as slaves as a
reward to people who met government policies. Shang also enacted laws that forced
citizens to marry at a young age and passed tax laws to encourage to encourage
raising multiple children.
But after Shang's employer; the Duke Xiao of Qin's death, there was nobody left
to protect him as he was deeply despised by the Qin nobility. So the next ruler, King
Huiwen, ordered the execution of Shang and his family. Yang had previously humiliated
the King when he was a Duke by causing him to be punished for an offense as thought
he were and ordinary citizen. So when Yang heard of his execution, he ran and tried to
hide and stay in a inn; but the innkeeper refused because it was against Yang's law to
admit a guest without proper identification. A law Yang himself implemented. Then
once he was found, Yang was killed by dismemberment.
Shang Yang was a very important figure of the Qin dynasty during the Warring...