The Oslo Declaration of Principles was the result of negotiations between the Israelis and Palestinians outside of the Madrid conference negotiations. The Oslo peace process surprised the world, and made way for the Middle East peace process. Both sides spoke of peace for the first time after a hundred years. The Oslo declaration started when both the government of the State of Israel and the PLO team decided it was time to end conflict (with each other). They wished to recognize the others rights and wished and hoped to live peacefully by this peace settlement through a political process.
In the Oslo agreement, both sides became aware that the other was living within the borders of Israel/Palestine. Both the Palestinians and the Israelis agreed to negotiate a permanent way of living in the land, and improved relations with each other. The Oslo Declaration of Peace never spoke of a Palestinian state or an end to Israeli settlements.
"The agreement provided a Framework for solution, rather than a solution." (Isseroff Oslo Declaration of Principles, page 1) Yasser Arafat and Yitzchak Rabin shook hands, and the chief negotiators for both sides received the Nobel Peace Prize. The Oslo declaration had letters from Arafat promising to change the PLO Charter, which wished to cause a destruction of Israel, however Rabin promised to allow normal life in our territories which are now occupied by Palestinians.
The Declaration was in temporary agreement, until Palestinians started violent protests, and terror attacks in September 2000. A main goal of the negotiations within the Oslo peace process was to establish temporary autonomy for Palestinians. It was in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and was not allowed to exceed five years. "The Oslo Peace Process failed because it conflicted with the national goals of each side,