Sigmund Freud, who was Jewish, was born May 6, 1856 in Freiberg, a small town in Moravia. Sigmund had two older half brothers and six younger siblings, his father was a wood merchant and his mother was his father's second wife. When he was four or five (he wasn't sure) he moved to Vienna.
Freud went to medical schoo1 1873 and graduated head of the class. After graduating he got involved with research under the direction of a physiology professor named Ernest BrÃÂÃÂ¼cke. Freud spent many years trying to "reduce"ÃÂ personality to neurology, he later gave up on his research, as it deemed unsuccessful.
Sigmund Freud then started to focus on neuro-physiology and he successfully invented a "cell staining"ÃÂ technique. He later moved to Berlin and spent a short time as a resident in neurology and as a director of a children's ward, he then moved back to Vienna to marry his fiancÃÂÃÂ©e Martha Bernay, she gave birth to 6 of his children and set up a practice in neuropsychiatry, with the help of Joseph Breuer.
Freud books and lectures brought him to a quick rise to fame, and ostracism from the majority of the medical community. He quickly drew around him a number of very smart sympathizers whom became the center of the psychoanalytic movement. But, Freud had a liking for rejecting those who didn't fully agree with him; some separated from him peacefully, others not and went on to found competing schools of thought.
Freud immigrated to England before World War 2 as Vienna became a dangerous place for Jews.Not long after, 23 of September 1939, Sigmund Freud passed away as a result of cancer of the mouth and the jaw that he had been suffering from for the last 16 years of his life.