Similarities and Differences of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Essay by JilykaCollege, UndergraduateA, February 2007

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Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are considered an Abrahamic religion. All stated in the Middle East near Israel. Abrahamic religions are those religions traced by their adherents to Abraham. All Abrahamic Religions are considered monotheistic, which is the belief in a single, universal, all-encompassing God. Islam, Christianity, and Judaism believe that their sacred texts (or scriptures) are the "Word of God." In Christianity the sacred text is the Bible, For Islam it is the Qur'an, and for Judaism it is the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh.

There exists the expectation of an individual who will herald the end of the world, and/or bring about the Kingdom of God on Earth. Judaism awaits the coming of the Jewish Messiah. Christianity awaits the Second Coming of Christ. Islam awaits the coming of Mahdi (Sunnis in his first incarnation, Shi'as the return of Muhammad al-Mahdi). The three religions encompass Gabriel as considered an archangel to Jews and Christian and according to Islam Gabriel is the angel who revealed the Qur'an to Muhammad.

The religions also adhere to a pilgrimage which is considered a spiritual long journey or search of great moral significance. Sometimes, it is a journey to a sacred place or shrine of importance to a person's beliefs and faith. Islam, Christianity, and Judaism involve themselves in pilgrimages.

Judaism and Islam have strict dietary laws, with lawful food being called kosher in Judaism and Halaal in Islam. Christianity developed ritual prohibitions against the consumption of meat (but not fish) on Fridays, and the Christian calendars prescribe abstinence from some foods at various times of the year; but these customs vary from place to place and changed over time.

Islam, Christianity, and Judaism consent that a human being comprises the body, which dies, and the soul, which need...