Social Inequality based on race, gender and ethnicity in the work force since the 1980's has decreased to a certain extent, but due to gender roles in society, ethnic inequality, and discrimination of minorities, it will always be around.
Gender inequality has been an issue throughout history but as time has passed, it is slowly decreasing. Slowly men and women enjoy socially valued goods, opportunities, resources and rewards. However, because of current disparities, equal treatment of women and men in the work force is not fully seen today. True equality and development will only be achieved if women are able to participate as equal partners, decision makers, and beneficiaries of the sustainable development of their societies. As stated by Jennifer Jarman in her article,
" In 2003 women in Canada make an average of 72 cents for every dollar earned by men. This gap is closing ever so slowly with a gain of only 8% in the last 30 years.
Throughout history there have always been employment barriers for designated groups such as women, people with disabilities, aboriginal peoples, and minorities. In 1986, the employment equality act was passed to protect these four groups. As seen in Carol Johnson's article, the Employment Equality Act states,
"...achieve equality in the workplace so that no person shall be denied employment opportunities or benefits for reasons unrelated to ability and, in the fulfillment of the goals, to correct the conditions of disadvantage in employment experienced by women, Aboriginal peoples, persons with disabilities, and visible minority people by giving effect to the principle that employment equity means more than treating persons in the same way but also requires special measures and the accommodation of differences." (Employment Equity Act of 1995, s.10 (1) c).
As seen from the above example, an affirmative action...