Early Societies Early 1500's-Europeans created and destroyed societies through to the 1950's. Sometimes they would draw lines, form gov't, and voil to create new societies.
1872- Prussian armies created the Germany nation, a distinct society.
1918-After WWI, the victors drew new lines of Germany, creating several distinct societies.(Ie. Austria, Hungary, etc.) Societies and Nations: Social Organization Vs. Political Organization A society is simply a social organization of people who share a history, culture, structure, set of institutions, usually a language, and an identity. It differs from other organizations because it is the largest social organization that one identifies.
A nation is a political organization of people including gov't, law, and physical boundaries.
One of the greatest forces in the modern world is loyalty to nation/nationalism: Means people feel that it constitutes a society, and has a right to rule itself in its own nation. This is really a feeling of loyalty to a society that either has become a nation with its own boundaries and gov't or has not yet become a nation but in which people feel that nationhood is their right.
The American and French Revolutions were turning points in which leaders that were perceived as only representing themselves and not a society were thrown out. The new nationalist perspective spread.
Even in the 1990's nationalism was very important. Especially in the Soviet Union and the Middle East. There seems to be no end to nationalism, and one day many small, distinct nations may emerge from a unitary society.
There will always be some degree of conflict between the society as a social organization and the nation as a political organization.
At the heart of social organization is interaction: People communicating, arguing, sharing negotiating, etc. In fact, interaction is the building block of society. Without interaction, there can...