As Gregor Samsa grew up, he found himself transformed into a man, who is immersed in the world of obligation. This obligation was his job as a salesman which he disgraced, but he accepted this fact for he had to become the breadwinner of the house, after his father's business collapsed, and his mother is asthmatic, and his sister is too young for supporting the family financially. This obligation was the main link between Gregor and his family, who ignored his basic needs of affection and connection. Therefore, Gregor's family, job, and society are to be blamed for his alienation, metamorphosis, and his eventual death.
At the beginning of the novella, it is mentioned that "[as] Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from uneasy dreams he found himself transformed in his bed into a gigantic insect" (53). The fact that Gregor awoke, symbolizes that he awoke from blindness to sight, because he admits he does not like his job and expresses it.
"Oh God, he thought, what an exhausting job I've picked for myself! On the road day in, day out... The devil take it all!" (54). Thus, he realizes that his job has dehumanized him and transformed him into a machine, which has only the role of production. Moreover, not only his job is physically exhausting, but it also involves lack of serious acquaintances which involve getting to know new intimate friends, and it bothers Gregor who needs human connection in order to survive.
The chief clerk's visit to Gregor's house is another proof for the neglect that the firm where Gregor works has towards the needs of its employees. "What a fate: to be condemned to work for a firm where the slightest negligence at once gave rise to the gravest suspicion! Were all the employees nothing but a...