Sonata Form

Essay by cheeky74High School, 11th grade June 2007

download word file, 2 pages 3.0

Sonata form is a musical form that has been used widely since the early Classical period. It has typically been used in the first movement of multi-movement pieces, such as a sonata, symphony, tone poem or overture and is therefore more specifically referred to as sonata-allegro form or first-movement form. It consists of three major sections, Exposition, Development and Recapitulation. (Various authors, 2004)Sonata Form evolved from binary form during the 18th Century and was used by some famous early classical composers such as Johann Bach and Haydn. When Sonata form started to be more common in the 19th - 20th Century many composers such as Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Mozart and Beethoven used Sonata Form. (W.S.Newman, 1963,1972)The three major sections as I stated before are the Exposition, Development and Recapitulation. But Sonata form sometimes may consist of an introduction and Coda. The Exposition is where you hear all the main ideas and materials.

Within the exposition there are several themes. (W.Lovlock, …..)1. First Subject group - Has one or more themes all in the same key. So in the First subject group if it starts in D major it will all be in that key.

2. Transition - Is simply the space between the first subject and Second subject group where it modulates into the key of the second subject group.

3.Second Subject Group - Has a different mood and rhythm to the first subject and can be more lyrical at times. There are one or more themes in a different key to the first subject group. Usually is in the Dominant key of the First movement, if it was in a major key. But if the First subject group was in a minor key the second subject is usually in the relative major.

4. Codetta - Brings the...