The Stand of the Confederate States of America

Essay by rebel1861B+, May 1996

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The enormous impact of the Civil War on our nation will

probably never be determined, but would never have been possible

without the stand of the Confederate States of America. 'The

independence of the Confederate States commenced by the withdrawal

of the State of South Carolina from the Union of the United States.

The ordinance of secession was passed on December 20, 1860 by a

unanimous vote. The withdrawal of South Carolina from the Union

was followed successively by the states of Florida, Mississippi,

Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana. A convention of delegates from

these six seceding states assembled in Congress at Montgomery,

Alabama, to organize a Provisional Government, on the 4th day of

February, 1861. The Hon. R. M. Barnwell, of South Carolina, was

appointed temporary chairman. Forty-three men of these six

southern states adopted the Constitution of the Confederate States

of America on Friday, February the 8th. The following day,

Congress proceeded to the election of President and Vice-President.

The Hon. Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, President, and the Hon.

Alexander H. Stephens, of Georgia, Vice-President, were elected by

unanimous vote. They were sworn in on February 18th, 1861.'(Clarke


Davis, who had been elected President, actually wanted to be

appointed General in the Confederate Army. He was a graduate of

West Point, fought as a Colonel of Mississippi Rifles in the

Mexican War, and was Secretary of War. He was pleased, however,

when he was informed that he would be the President of a fledgling

nation. When Davis had attended West Point, he had clearly read in

his textbooks, that any state had the right to secede. However,

before leaving his U.S. Senate seat, he wanted to compromise.

Davis knew that if the South declared independence, a war was

immanent. Davis pointed out that the South was not...