State and Federal Systems

Essay by tinadriz June 2005

download word file, 3 pages 3.0

The law that governs the land in regards to employment, whether under the Federal or State jurisdiction has something in common. That is to protect the rights of employees against any type of discrimination in the workplace. Although these rights are basic knowledge, employees are mostly not aware of the protection offered by the Federal, State and local governments against the offenders and violators of the Employment Law. Nowadays, there are many lawsuits filed against company employers towards the rectification of the rights violated according to the Employment Law. At least today, any complaints from employees regarding discrimination can be heard in the court of law or litigations and can be given a verdict in the end.

Many people are surprised to learn that there is not a single "court system" in the United States of America. Every state has its own court system to handle cases that involve disputes or crimes that arise within the state.

The federal government also has a court system to handle cases that involve disputes or issues governed by federal laws or the U.S. Constitution. Both the state system and the government have different applications for employment laws as well.

In order to understand the different eras of the U.S. governmental history, one must first understand the history of the relationships between the federal, state and local governments. The Constitution of the United States establishes a direct link between the state governments and Congress. It gives Congress specific powers like declaring war and creating armies.

"Both federal and state laws regulate employment discrimination, labor, and union issues. Generally, employment discrimination laws apply to all procedural steps of employment, including interviewing, hiring, advertising, giving raises, and firing employees. The laws state that an employer cannot discriminate on the basis of certain characteristics such as...