There are two different types of employment laws that exist in the United States, which are federal and state. The federal law is a general law that each of the states must follow. The state law is usually based off of the federal law and may or may not differ. The state laws only pertain to individuals who reside in that state and may be different from state to state. In this paper, it will compare some state and federal laws.
FEDERAL AND STATE LAW DIFFERENCES
Since there are two laws that employers have to abide by, which law would employers in a certain state have to abide by if they are both almost the same. A good example of this law is the minimum wage law. The current federal minimum wage is $5.15 an hour, while the Oregon state minimum wage is $7.25 to $7.50. So how does the employer determine which minimum wage is to be paid out to the employee? The way the employer figures this out is by paying the employee the wage that would better benefit them.
In this case the employer would pay employees the Oregon state minimum wage because it is higher than the federal minimum wage.
Of the 50 states, there are only 15 other states that pay higher than the minimum wage. There are only 27 states that follow the federal law and pay the same as the federal minimum wage. On the other hand, there are only 2 states that pay their employees below the federal minimum wage. In the Kansas State law, one of the states that pay below the federal minimum wage, exclude any coverage that is subject to the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act. The Fair Labor Standards Act establishes minimum wage, overtime...