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The United States is a large and complex country that is full of a diversity of citizens. It has millions of square miles of land with fifty states and several outlying territories, including more than a thousand islands scattered throughout the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. All the citizens of the Unites States have been governed in an organized way for more than two hundred years. The federal government is separated into three branches: the legislative, executive, and judicial branch. Of the three branches, the executive branch is the most complex. Its job is to enforce the laws of the United States. It is composed of the President, Vice President, executive departments, and independent agencies.
The Presidency is the highest office in the country. To become the President, you must be a natural born citizen of the United States, be at least thirty-five years old by the time you serve, and have lived in the United States at least 14 years.
Presidential elections occur every four years and candidates are chosen by their political parties before the election. Each party chooses a candidate through primary elections, conventions, or caucases in every state and one national convention. After all candidates are chosen, the campaign begins for the general election. The election is held on the first Tuesday following the first Monday in November. People in each state vote for the President indirectly by electing the electors who will vote for the Presidential candidate. The number of electors in each state is equal to the number of Representatives plus the number of Senators. The electors from each state vote for the choice of the largest number of people in their state. The candidate with more than half of the electoral votes wins. The President is inaugurated on January...