There were two main styles of architecture in the middle ages. Gothic style architecture
included big churches called cathedrals. Cathedrals had tall skyscraper-like towers. They
made them that way to get people to look up in the sky and think of God. Gothic
architecture involved lots of big windows of stained glass. The Gothic style was developed
fully in France and England during the 12th century. By the 13th century, Gothic style
spread to Germany. A real and true Gothic cathedral is the Milan Cathedral in Italy. The
Gothic church here is a picture of St. Chapelle in Paris, France. It was built in the
Romanesque architecture had big internal spaces. These buildings had barrel vaults,
columns and windows and doors with rounded arches. The buildings were solid and heavy
with small windows. They were dimly lit. This Romanesque church is in
St.-Guilhelm-le-Desert, France. It was founded by one of Charlemagne's bravest
A gargoyle was a scary, ugly stone figure that was common on Gothic buildings. They
could be found on the roof or eaves. The original purpose of a gargoyle was to act as a
spout to prevent seepage and damage to the building. People believed they could scare
away evil spirits and serve a practical function at the same time. This gargoyle sits in front
of the bell tower at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France.
Sainte-Chapelle Reims Cathedral
1243 - 1248.1210 and later, the nave of the cathedral.
1220 - 1330.
A significat characterisitc of gothic architecture is
hieght. However, the higher the wall, the more force there is pushing in a outwardly
direction. Buttresses allowed builders to go higher with their walls as it allowed more
support. In this photo you can see the buttresses jutting perpendicular from the wall.
Invention of the...