Suicide among Adolescents
In general, suicide is attempted/completed by persons who are experiencing intense psychological pain in response to unmet needs. Lacking the skills and the resources to cope with this pain, they use suicide as the only viable solution to end their suffering.
"Due to the prevalence of the attempted and completed suicides, it is not surprising that suicide is the most frequent crisis situation encountered by mental health professionals." (Paulson, Worth, 2002)
A huge crisis exists among adolescents in American society. In 2000, 29,350 individuals completed suicide, that's 80.0 people each day, one person approximately every 18 minutes. Of those 29,350 individuals, 2,994 were adolescents between 15 and 24 years of age. McIntosh (2000), concludes that it is known that
"..Suicide is the 11th leading cause of death in the US; it is the 3rd leading causes of death for youth. Youths have the second highest rate of completed suicide: for every 100-200 young people who attempt suicide, one successfully completes the act."
About 10.4 adolescents complete suicide each day, which is one young person every 2 hours and 12 minutes. Suicide rates for those 15-19 years old increased 11% between 1980 and 1997. Suicide rates for those between the ages of 10-14, however, increased 99% between 1980 and 1997. Both age groups have shown small declines in rates in the past two years.
There are a plethora of warning signs coupled with risk factors that a teen demonstrates throughout the various stages of suicidal thought. If and when we do see someone exhibit such warning signs, one of many solutions can be counseling. Suicide is the third leading killer among teenagers (SAVE, 1996) and can be committed for a number of reasons. Anyone delving on thoughts of suicide should be empathically talked to, or should be taken...