AbstractSuicide in prison is a very important issue which should be in consideration. The environment where the inmates being incarcerated is very depressing and it can be a cause for someone to committee suicide. The methods of performing this act are from the primitive ones to the ones that involve overdoses of drugs. Although it may look that this issue is unfixable there are some steps that we can take to try to prevent inmates from committing suicide. A very close profile of the inmates, who are in high risk, can prevent this tragedy.
On the other hand, inmates who are in a high risk are not monitored very close to prevent the suicide but the inmates who are in the death row are the one who will be monitored 24/7 for suicide prevention. However, the suicide is easier prevented in the lock ups then would be in the open society and yet they are a lot of people who are find dead in their cells, basally there is a need of less then 5 minutes a weight less then 2 kg and the death is accomplished.
Suicide is the third leading cause of death in U.S. prisons and the second in jails.( Metzner JL: Class action litigation in correctional psychiatry. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2002) The suicide rate in prisons ranged from 18 to 40 per 100,000 during the past three decades.( Hayes LM: National study of jail suicides, 1989) Populations in urban jails such as those in big cities like New York, Atlanta and L.A have higher suicide rates than do non-urban jails. A study of six Midwestern jails from 1966 to 1971 showed a rate of 58 per 100,000 inmates committed cuicide per year (Esparaza R: Attempted and committed suicide in county jails, in Jailhouse Blues.