"1984" by George Orwell
The novel is set in Oceania, a super-state that includes the continent of America and the British Isles. Most of the action takes place in London. The other setting is the village of Paddington, which is not very far from London. In addition, there are two other super-states with which Oceania is constantly at war. These states are Eurasia, which includes the entire northern region of Europe, and East-Asia. Authoritarian governments or oligarchies control all three super-states. The novel attempts to give a picture of what modern society will look like. It is not a pleasant view, for the story is about the struggle of an individual to retain his human spirit, sanity, and freedom in the fiercely automated and strictly controlled society of Oceania.
"1984" is a story about Winston Smith, a member of the Party that is ruling over the state of Oceania.
The Party rules under the dictatorship of Big Brother. The novel is also about how Winston accommodates to the government and the consequences he receives due to the "mistakes" he made.
The novel is divided into three parts, the story of the new society, under a single-Party dictatorship, unfolds in the Part 1. In the second part, Julia and Winston are attracted to each other and resist the Party's oppression. Part 3 dwells on Winston's imprisonment, torture, and brainwashing. He is finally released from prison when O'Brien thinks that he was totally crushed Winston's spirit and made him a true believer in the Party. When Winston reveals that he still has human emotions in his continued lover for Julia, the Party puts him to death with a thought-bullet at the back of his head.
Eric Blair was born in 1903 in Bengal, India. At that time, India was a colony...