Anthony ParÃÂ©'s "Ushering Audience Out", a 1991 article appearing in the academic journal Textual Studies in Canada I, argues, that in writing one must redefine the audience as an active reader in discourse, rather than a static, passive reader. The title of this article relates to "ushering" audience out of a theatre of passive watching and into a theatre filled with action. ParÃÂ© wants to subdue the thought of old audience as a static, passive community that does not respond to the text and restore it with a new definition. Writing should compel an active audience and consequently an audience that is part of the motions and behaviours of writing. ParÃÂ© dedicates four pages to the extensive example of a Predisposition Report (PDR)1 to display active documents and conversation on paper. A PDR appeals to more than one person in an active community - a judge must read a PDR as well as parents of the juvenile offender, social workers, police officers, the psychologist that has made a suggestion, the victim and the probation officer.
The PDR is a document that is not used passively because the above justice community must communicate to one another through the document. ParÃÂ© also uses the example of conversation in the classroom. If audience is thought about in a different way a difference can be made in teaching. Instead of a single audience - the teacher - ParÃÂ© insists on encouraging students to read each other's writings so that students don't see themselves as passive, but that they perceive themselves as involved in writing.
ParÃÂ©'s argument for an active audience is purposed for those that teach writing, and becomes a helpful tool for professors to use in their classrooms. ParÃÂ©'s strong appreciation for the topic of audience is evident in his writing, which effectively sells his ideas to his target audience.