IntroductionOver the years, globalization has brought upon increasing volume of tourism. The impacts of tourism can be positive as well as negative ones; such impacts affect the country's socio-culture, environment and economy sector. In order to minimize the negative impacts of tourism, developing a long-term viability plan to making tourism sustainable is essential. Alterative tourism (AT) has always been looked upon as the prescribed medicine to making tourism sustainable. However, AT does have its limitations and it is only a partial solution to making tourism sustainable, concentrating on this approach might be a time bomb or a Trojan horse (Butler 1990) Mass Tourism (MT) is currently widely practiced globally, benefiting from the large scale of economy. The purpose and objectives of this essay is to discuss the concept of Sustainable Development (SD), Sustainable Tourism (ST), Volunteer Tourism (VT) and how MT can be handled and hence made sustainable.
1. Sustainable development"To ensure that it meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs" (WCED 1987) SD was a concept popularized by the commonly known Bruntland Report.
The concept is a desired process of change for all nations to strive for continuity of economic development without straining the environmental and socio-cultural of the community, while ensuring the future generations are able to do the same without depleted resources.
2. Sustainable Tourism"Sustainability principles refer to the environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development, and a suitable balance must be established between these three dimensions to guarantee its long-term sustainability" (WTO, Paul Lansing 2004). According to Macbeth (2005), tourism has embraced one of today's most value-based concepts, it is highly interwoven with SD, it requires the same application of meeting the triple bottom line however focusing more towards the tourism sector. The...