Taiwan did not become Chinese territory until until the China Dynasty conquered the Koxinga's regime on Taiwan in 1693. During the China dynasty control, Taiwan was a domestic colony for 212 years and was given to Japan in 1895. Taiwan became a Japanese colony for the next 50 years.
In 1895, the Taiwanese declared the establishment of the Taiwan Democratic Republic, but its original intention was prevention for a Japanese takeover and restoration of Taiwan to the China dynasty. Within a few months the Japanese destroyed the Taiwan Democratic Republic, but the Taiwanese continued their guerrilla warfare against the Japanese until 1902.
There were armed uprisings until 1916. After 1916, the Taiwanese engaged in modern anti-Japanese Taiwan nationalistic movements in Tokyo, China, and Taiwan. During the whole Japanese period, except for a few occasions, most of the anti-Japanese Taiwan nationalistic movements had used the "Independence of Taiwan" as the slogan.
At first, the Taiwanese accepted the Nationalist Government control of Taiwan after the Japanese surrendered in 1945, there wasn't much resistance. But, Chinese Governor Chen Yi's oppression and exploitation of the Taiwanese, which exceeded that of the Japanese, were more than the Taiwanese could bear, and it culminated in the island-wide anti-Chinese uprising of February 28, 1947.
Near the end of 1949, Thomas Liao (member of Taiwan Communist Party) and his group moved to Tokyo, and in cooperation with a group of Taiwanes compatriots under the leadership of Wu Chen-nan, established the Taiwan Democratic Independence Party whose slogans were anti-Chiang, anti-Communist, complete independence of Taiwan, and establishment of a peaceful welfare state in Taiwan. The occupation was ended in 1952, the independence movement regained the momentum and established the Taiwan Republic Provisional Government in Tokyo, on February 28,1956.
500 Taiwanese students in Tokyo , established the Taiwan Youth...