Mid Term Exam
1)Absolutism is when the sovereignty resides with the kings not the nobility or the parliament. The sovereign are responsible to God and God alone. Absolutism had a regulation of all the institutions of government. Absolutism also secured cooperation of the nobility. It also triggered many revolts and upheavals. Constitutionalism is the view that government should not involve that arbitrary exercise of power. In constitutionalism those who govern should do so in accordance with the already established rules and laws. An example of where each was exemplified was in France the absolute monarchs sought the exaltation of themselves as the embodiment of the state (absolutism). Stuart England exemplifies the development of the first constitutional state. Absolutism differs from totalitarianism because absolutism lacked the financial and military resources to take total control over all aspects of citizen's lives. Constitutionalism differs from democracy because constitutionalism lacked the right for most of the people to vote.
In a democracy all of the people are given the right to vote which is different than constitutionalism.
2)The scientific revolution was when many beliefs began to be based on science and fact. Scientific beliefs were still based on ideas that the Greek philosopher Aristotle had made in the past. The motionless earth was still at the center of the universe with ten other spheres that moved around it. Most of these beliefs were accepted for two thousand years or more. Its relationship to the enlightenment was that the three concepts rational critical and scientific were the basis of the scientific revolution. The central concepts of the enlightenment were also the rational the critical and the scientific. These are the core of the enlightenment period. The philosophes were the great thinkers of the time. Their role was to articulate the full...